Volume 11, Issue 1 (3-2023)                   JRIA 2023, 11(1): 1-23 | Back to browse issues page


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Hosseinian H, Soheili J, Alborzi F. Study of identifying formation process in recognizing the" Geometric pattern of Naqsh-e Jahan Square and surrounding building in point of view of formalisms. JRIA 2023; 11 (1) :1-23
URL: http://jria.iust.ac.ir/article-1-1615-en.html
Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran
Abstract:   (1440 Views)
The process of figure structure and understanding message by the audience has a great value, as various visual elements such as point, line, level and volume can be affected on identifying this process. On one aspect, connection with human and its needs in architecture is determined, on the other hand, in some opinions and in relation to the architecture, set of available forces should be defined. Therefore, connection of this process has been linked with the principle of “geometry” and provides space integration as a creative composition. It is possible to obtain a productive structure based on set of rules, in lawful space of geometry in order to decompose complex shapes into a simple form. Where in Naqsh-e Jahan Square, which is one of masterpiece of Iranian architecture, these patterns are shown themselves in different history and periods. As far as, it has entered to the logical comparative phase, based on initial consequential analysis in the form of formation of the square with using logbooks and historical books and then with using geometric analysis of the square and turning this logic into a descriptive form which was in line with theories of Duran, Krier and Herdeg and based on principles such as integration, overlap, angular and rotational, in order to prepare a comprehensive principles for combining shapes toward a gradual evolution. Herdeg brings this overlap into the social classes from individuals to the clergy, which is a link between form and outlook of different stratums. In this research, it has been tried to winded up the effects of social and political principles on formation of the square with using classes such as individual, society and government and also with using visual tools that have been analyzed in this square in different times, and then by recognizing geometric principles between them and sharing with graphic geometry of each classes based on the combination of the complex and by answering to hypothesis such as: it is thought that evolution of Naqsh-e Jahan Square in various times has been due to overlap of geometry of the square with graphic geometry of each classes from individuals to the government, and, in order to prove a principle such as geometry as a basic principle in forming the square in various .times, because of assimilation of geometric quality of the space and connection of the classes.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Subject- oriented researches in Islamic architecture and urbanism, eg. Spatial-geometrical ideas, symbols and ornaments
Received: 2022/07/11 | Accepted: 2022/07/25 | Published: 2023/05/1

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