Volume 11, Issue 1 (3-2023)                   JRIA 2023, 11(1): 137-160 | Back to browse issues page


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sardari M, zare L, talaei A, ghobadiyan V. Redefining architectural styles during the imposed war in Iran with the approach of identifying traditional buildings (Case study; body of prominent buildings). JRIA 2023; 11 (1) :137-160
URL: http://jria.iust.ac.ir/article-1-1605-en.html
Assistant Professor of Architecture, Department of Art and Architecture, Islamic Azad University, West Tehran Branch.
Abstract:   (1117 Views)
Traditional architecture is a term that has been used after the modernization period in Iran and has been discussed in the speeches of many architects, books and articles, and has been criticized in architecture schools. After the Islamic Revolution and the closure of foreign construction companies in Iran, many famous architectural companies were closed or semi-active. With the outbreak of war and economic sanctions, construction activities declined, and during the eight years of the war, most construction activities were carried out on a small scale, and government projects were often aimed at completing pre-revolutionary construction projects. Some of these few constructions have led to the production of traditional-style buildings that are important to identify and describe because they are intertwined with the culture, history, and transcendent quality of past architecture, and the degenerate identity of today's architectural buildings can be found. This is unknown research that, what styles and how many buildings are there, based on the ideology of these styles in order to continue the rich and traditional Iranian architecture, during the eight-year war. Achieve them is the main purpose of research. In this research, which is interpretive-historical method and analytical-comparative measures, architectural styles are introduced in this historical period to extract styles that have the characteristics of traditional Iranian architecture. Data collection is in the form of documentary studies that will identify buildings with traditional bodies. The results of the research show that during the Eight-Year War, buildings of three styles of "traditionalist architecture", "late modern architecture" and "postmodern architecture" were built in the country. In the meantime, modern architecture lacks traditional features in the body of buildings, but the two styles of traditionalism and postmodernism, that were designed and executed eleven prominent buildings based on their architectural theories, will have traditional Iranian architectural components. Finally, the physical characteristics of each will be analyzed.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Subject- oriented researches in Islamic architecture and urbanism, eg. Spatial-geometrical ideas, symbols and ornaments
Received: 2022/05/29 | Accepted: 2022/11/7 | Published: 2023/05/1

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