Volume 9, Issue 3 (9-2021)                   JRIA 2021, 9(3): 81-114 | Back to browse issues page

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Motahar R, Jalilisadrabad S, Alizadeh R. Comparative comparison of New and Old Neighborhoods Based on Identity (Islamic-Iranian) in Urban Planning (Case Study: Hakimieh and Narmak in Tehran). JRIA 2021; 9 (3) :81-114
URL: http://jria.iust.ac.ir/article-1-1419-en.html
Abstract:   (4620 Views)
Neighborhood identity means having a tendency and belonging to the neighborhood community.
Continuation of urban life is the reason for the neighborhood`s importance in the social and psychological development of urban dwellers. Therefore, the neighborhood is the physical crystallization of the community, and its borders are the crystallization of the sanctuaries. The comparison shows that the past neighborhoods had a well-structured structure and strengthened the neighborhood identity, but the new neighborhoods first define the neighborhood`s structure with towers and apartments that have populated the population from all over Iran. The purpose of this study is to identify the criteria affecting the identity of neighborhoods according to current conditions and a comparative comparison between the old and new neighborhoods of Narmak and Hakimiyeh based on these criteria in order to promote Islamic identity.
Findings show that the differences in the criteria of cognition and awareness, sense of belonging, satisfaction, independence, environmental suitability, religion, civilization, territory, and unity in these neighborhoods are significant and real. Due to the implementation of renovation projects in The Hakimiyeh, in terms of affecting the social structure and people's sense of belonging to the region and local identity, it has acted poorly, reducing social capital and people's sense of belonging to the place of residence. The Narmak, despite the changes that have taken place in its physical texture, and has been formed according to a codified urban plan, but the residents of this neighborhood still experience a relatively large sense of spatial identity. The difference between the criteria of readability, social interactions and culture in Hakimiyeh and Narmak neighborhoods with different physical and social characteristics is not signi_cant and real. Therefore, it can be said that the texture renovation project of The Hakimieh has had acceptable results in terms of structure and physics. Finally, was found that due to the significance level (sig) less than 0.05 and the upper and lower limits of these two neighborhoods with a 95% confidence level were found that the average score of neighborhood identity criteria in the old neighborhood of The Narmak more than the new neighborhood and New is Wisdom.
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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Comparative analysis of philosophy, art and architectural schools with Islamic thought
Received: 2021/01/14 | Accepted: 2021/04/3 | Published: 2021/09/22

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