Volume 8, Issue 4 (winter 2020 2021)                   JRIA 2021, 8(4): 145-166 | Back to browse issues page

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behbud E, Balilan Asl L, Satarzadeh D. Jung's Archetypes manifestation in architectural structures of Chalabi Oghlu mystic tomb's collection. JRIA 2021; 8 (4) :145-166
URL: http://jria.iust.ac.ir/article-1-1392-en.html
Abstract:   (6070 Views)
The Chalabi Oghlu Shrine with a mystical-spiritual space is one of the structures which is based on the fundamental thinking of the mysticism. And these concepts have influenced the formation of the architecture of this collection. Archetypes are universal facts that derive from human unconscious mind and are integrated in to human conscious mind as a global collaborative information in the form of imagery.The concept of an archetype appears in areas relating to behaviorhistorical psychological theory, and literary analysis. To break the gap between the apparent and the hidden part of their minds, and to understand the archetypes, humans need the sources, such as symbols, myths, dreams, and memories. Archetypes start appearing when they find content, because they are  empty and have no meaning without content and on themselves alone. Architecture is a medium for the expression of human collective unconscious, universal myths, dreams and memories which act as a symbol in architectural spaces. One of the key archetypes that has been introduced in Jung's analytic psychology is the archetype of "process of individuality" that deals with spiritual questions about the meaning of life and the goal of creation. The purpose of this paper is to answer the question of : whether by achieving semantic concepts of these archetypes, can one understand the archetype concepts and how they are objectified in the mystical space of this tomb collection. Based on the purpose of this study, which is the recognition of archetypes semantic concepts, using historical interpretation method, the techniques used in sign perception have been used. The word solouk(a way of conduct in mystical journey) means going, but it is a special kind of going, which has different meanings for different groups. There is a controversy among the mystics about the precedence and steps of solouk(mystical journey).The number of these steps starts from three stages and continues to hundreds of steps. Despite all the controversies, they all agree that the mystic must attain the knowledge of God. With this knowledge he reaches perfection, and this knowledge is obtained by walking through the stages of solouk and desirable achievement. Despite the coherence of  mystical views on the stages of solouk (mystical journey), the basis of discussion and comparison in this research is the opinions of the mystics before the seventh century. In many number of sources, mystical journey has been studied and compared with the archetype of individuality process.
Explaining the archetypes semantic concepts, in the gnostic space of the Chalabi Oghlu tomb' collection:
1. Archetype "Birth, Death, Reincarnation"
The tendency towards the beginning of new life and rebirth has always been of human interest and is one of the most important common concepts created in the collective consciousness of humankind. Jung has also referred to many archetypes in his works, but in the ”Four Archetypes: Mother, Rebirth, Spirit, Trickster” book he gives an example of an archetype that, in most of his other works, has been one of the most controversial archetypes. And that is the archetype of rebirth. In the Chalabi Oghlu Shrine, this archetype has been used in a hierarchical manner and  with physical combination of spaces in addition to the mystical hierarchy, it has been viewed as a symbol of the spiritual path and the desirable end. The path which has started from the entrance and the corridors and the zaviye khademan(cornerstones of the servants) and taliban jannat(cornerstone of heaven volunteers) and with the social activities, which gradually disappears from this state and takes on a personal nature. And After the transition from the spaces of solitary chambers, and samaakhaane(mystical dance chamber), provision is made for entering the tomb. As previously mentioned, this archetype includes within itself innumerable archetypes, such as the individuality process, which is embodied in accordance with mystical conduct in the architectural structure of the Chalabi Oghlu shrine
2. "process of individuality" archetype
As mentioned earlier, the stages of the process of individuality are stated coinciding with the steps of mystical passage which requires knowing the relationship between these stages with the steps taken in the Chalabi Oghlu Shrine and how they are manifested in the architecture of complex
A. First step: "recall" or "hunt of the self by the inner friend" and confronting Persona (Mask) 
In the Chalabi Oghlu Tomb collection: The Poors stage and  The Taliban Jannat(heaven volunteers)
B. Second Stage: Meeting the Shadow
In the Chalabi Oghlu shrine: Central courtyard, Porch, and solitary chambers
C. Third Stage: Meeting Anima and Animus
In the Chalabi Oghlu shrine: Sufa (Avon), Altar, House of Jamah (Jam House, and Sama House)
D. Fourth Stage: Meeting the "Self" and "Unity with the self"
In Chalabi Oghlu shrine: Tomb
The physical structure of this tomb complex conforms to the eight levels of mysticism, and the four stages of the "individuality process" archetype. And it is a medium for expressing these truths, which can be manifested in different ways.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Subject- oriented researches in Islamic architecture and urbanism, eg. Spatial-geometrical ideas, symbols and ornaments
Received: 2020/12/4 | Accepted: 2021/02/28 | Published: 2021/02/28

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