Volume 8, Issue 3 (autumn2020 2020)                   JRIA 2020, 8(3): 51-68 | Back to browse issues page

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Suggest solutions for the effectiveness of "Islamic teachings on architecture courses" Case Study: Architectural Design Basics Courses Based on the four approaches approved by the Transformation Council of the Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution:(Islamization, localization, efficiency and updating). JRIA 2020; 8 (3) :51-68
URL: http://jria.iust.ac.ir/article-1-1354-en.html
Abstract:   (2375 Views)
Review and change in architecture education, firstly periodically and secondly in the current situation of the country, is a necessity. Because of the current program and topic are defective in two parts. In the "theoretical arena", the impact of "Doctrines of Islamic Wisdom" on the foundations of education is small and the program has not been revised, changed and modified after the initial compilation, in accordance with the "indigenous needs of the country" in a dynamic and intelligent way. That is, it is not in harmony with the ideals and values of the revolution, nor with the realities of the country and the needs of the people. In the "practical field", the mechanism of implementing architectural education is not a purposeful system and does not work as a whole in order to fully develop qualified architects. The result is that graduates of this field, after the training course, do not achieve the balanced growth of individual human resources (actual goodness) nor do they have the efficiency of the architectural profession necessary to meet the needs of society (current goodness). The low level of architectural quality of the country today, both in terms of science and technology, as well as in terms of art and the fact that the works have their own originality and identities, is a proof of this claim.
 Solving this problem requires reflection on the Architecture curriculum. In this regard, the Council for the Transformation of Humanities and Arts informed the Ministry of Science of the four approaches of "updating, localization, efficiency and Islamization" as a basis for review and transformation, and it was decided to review the Architecture curriculum and topics based on these approaches. The purpose of this study is to find practical solutions to the effectiveness of these four approaches on architecture education. The research question is "What are the solutions to achieve this goal?" For this purpose, by selecting the courses "Introduction to Architectural Design" and by the combined research method "Logical Reasoning and Case Study", exercises were designed and tried to have a relative comprehensiveness, then it was performed with the participation of students and with the technique of "content analysis" The answer to the question was revealed. 
The studied samples are from two groups of students in the introductory course of architectural design 1, 2 and 3 in Teacher Training University. The research findings indicate that a fundamental change in order to achieve this goal should be made in the three main pillars of the course, namely "purpose, content and teaching method". Accordingly, by designing "enriched exercises", while developing the three skills of "understanding, creating and expressing architecture" in the student, it is possible to provide the ground for orienting these skills in line with the four mentioned approaches and "updated" engineers. And "efficient" and trained people to serve "Islamic Iran".
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Subject- oriented researches in Islamic architecture and urbanism, eg. Spatial-geometrical ideas, symbols and ornaments
Received: 2020/09/17 | Accepted: 2020/12/20 | Published: 2020/12/20

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