Volume 6, Issue 2 (summer-2018 2018)                   2018, 6(2): 55-65 | Back to browse issues page

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Noqrekar A, Yamani P, hamzenezhad M. Explaining relationship between the compatibility of mosque's later uses with religious function, with their location relative to the main spaces of worship. Iran University of Science & Technology. 2018; 6 (2) :55-65
URL: http://jria.iust.ac.ir/article-1-1012-en.html
Abstract:   (101 Views)
The first step to the architectural design of each building, is physical extraction program. There are various functions in mosques capability with a larger scale. Selecting these functins and location of deployment of them are the most challenging parts of the mosque's design. Functions choice in the mosques of Islamic Iranian cities should be based on the priority that is consistent with Sharia done. In the fatwas of the sources of imitation, compatibility of any uses with worship, is the basis for choosing that function in the mosques. But is the location of the deployment of each functions's space in architectural design related to its compatibility? In connection with this question, this hypothesis is presented: The more the lateral functions compatibility is, the more should be in a place closer to the worship space.
The main objectives of this article are determining compatibility criteria for lateral uses with religios function, Prioritization of lateral uses based on the degree of compatibility, determining the position of lateral users to the worship spaces and finally the relationship between the level of compatibility and the position of the deployment of mosque lateral uses to the use of worship.
In order to achieve this goals, after the functions in the mosque at the regional scale identification, closed questionnaire responses was designed. By giving a questionnaire to 25 Experts of mosque architectural design and analyzing it with the Chi-squared test, which is a nonparametric and statistical test. Thus, the user's location with a significant level of 0.05 was determined by the use of worship. The results show that in the level of 95% confidence, according to the experts of the mosque architecture, there is a consensus about the location of 20 functions. In the case of the remaining 5 functions, with the addition of the first three options for user deployment, four things can be agreed upon, and there was no consensus on a single user. Thus the status of functions was determined.
then by referring verdicts religious scholars, consistency criteria of each function with religious function was determined, and Closed questionnaire responses was designed and were given to statistical society including two groups of religious and architectural experts. To summarize and analyze the questionnaires, an analytical approach to decision making model and Topsis degree of congruity of applications were assessed and prioritized. After that considering the degree of compatibility, the position of lateral functins of mousques Relative to Main spaces of worship in regional mosques was identified.
Based on this, consistent criteria of each function with religious function, are failure to conflict with the mosque and not to disturb the worshipers. According To these criteria, lateral functions of mosques were classified to four categories include very consistent, consistent, slightly consistent and inconsistent with religious function.
Finally, in order to measure the research hypothesis, it was found that the research hypothesis is true at high levels of adaptability or incompatibility. That is, in the case of some highly adaptable lateral applications, it is recommended that they should be inside the mosque and for inconsistent uses, it is recommended that they should be outside the mosque. But for applications with medium and low degree of compatibility, this is not the case, and more consideration should be given to architectural design.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Subject- oriented researches in Islamic architecture and urbanism, eg. Spatial-geometrical ideas, symbols and ornaments
Received: 2018/11/26 | Accepted: 2018/11/26 | Published: 2018/11/26

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