Volume 2, Number 1 (6-2014)                   2014, 2(1): 81-96 | Back to browse issues page

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Raeisi M M, Noghrekar A, Mardomi K. An introduction to the symbolism in Islamic architecture. Iran University of Science & Technology. 2014; 2 (1) :81-96
URL: http://jria.iust.ac.ir/article-1-146-en.html

Abstract:   (1710 Views)
One of the issues in theory field of architecture especially in Islamic architecture which has been considered in academic assemblies in recent decades is the field of symbolism and its different approaches. Basically symbolism is one of the important features of Islamic architecture, to the extent that some scholars in Islamic architecture believe that symbolism is necessary to fulfill this kind of architecture. This article deals with the problem of what is symbol and generally sign in Islamic architecture and consequently, how the symbolism can be implemented in Islamic architecture. The purpose of this article is explaining different approaches that Muslim architects used for symbolism in their works meanwhile with explaining the nature and characteristics of each of these approaches, lessons would be learned for future symbolism in Islamic architecture. To illustrate the problem of this article, a hybrid method consisting of logical-argumentation research and qualitative content analysis research is used meanwhile the method for gathering data in this research is documents studies. The theoretical foundation of this research is based on Islamic wisdom so the research results have enough competence for the application in Islamic architecture. According to these results, in addition to credit architectural landmarks, there are genetic signs which can be manifested in various architectural components such as geometry and form and symbolism in Islamic architecture requires attention to both these two types of signs. Using these two types of signs, two main approaches are available for symbolism in Islamic architecture which is inductive and deductive symbolism. The first approach is based on sensory tools while the second one is often based on rational and intuitive tools. In this paper, meanwhile these approaches are explained, several examples will be presented for each of them.
Full-Text [PDF 636 kb]   (1026 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2015/06/28 | Accepted: 2015/06/28 | Published: 2015/06/28

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